Thursday, 24 November 2011

What is Research? Discuss its characteristic


                      Assignment- E-C 302 Research Methodology
Topic- What is Research? Discuss its characteristic.
Name- Sumra Jitendra V.
SEM - 1
Batch- 2011-12

Submitted to,
Dr.Dilip barad,
Bhavnagar University,
Bhavnagar
.
Introduction:
The use of scientific research was initially made in physics and later on it was extended to natural sciences and social sciences. The scientific research has played a significant role to achievining human progress. The advances in research in the fields of physics, biology, social science and psychology have largely contributed to the creation of free knowledge, new invention and new as well as methodologies for carrying out further research.
                  The scientific research has been playing an important role in the progress and enrichment of education and educational research.
                  The dictionary meaning of research is constructed as invention or investigation or formal study or scientific enquiry or discovery. The formal meaning of research is invention or scientific investigation or scientific enquiry to extract truth. Standard dictionary described research as “Endeavour to discover new ideas by scientific way”.
                      According to advanced learner’s Dictionary, research means “A careful investigation or inquiry especially through search for new facts in any branch of knowledge.”
             In the meaning of “Research” given above three words are important:
1 Study
2 Inventions
3 Discoveries
         1 Invention
           Invention is the application of an idea or thinking something new for example a new machine or an Instrument or a new way of doing a task.
2   Discovery
                 Discovery is an accidental unintentional and unexpected search for the first time without any problem.
Research:
      Research is nothing but a scientific study in order to discover new facts. It has a problem and deals with activities and solutions.  
              Research is a planned activity for solving a problem which is purposeful, interactional with respect to outcomes. Research is a systematic investigation of a problem in order to establish facts and reach new conclusions.
 Definition of Research given by some well-known Thinkers:
1 F.M. Kerliger:-
      Scientific research is a systematic controlled empirical and critical investigation of hypothetical proposition about the presumed relations among natural phenomena.
Characteristic of Research:-
1 Research generates new knowledge
    Research generates new knowledge that any person who research any topic or task. He can work on this topic and he collects the all things to relate to their topics or task. So he can get maximum details or data collect about their topic. So that person can get knowledge about their topics on research. So Research generates new knowledge.
2 Research is skill full or systematic
  Research is skill full or systematic that means a person who are prepare a research that is a skill full and his work of style is systematic.
3 Research is logical and Objective
          Research is logical and Objective means the science and art of reasoning correctly and objective means having existence outside. He mind Research is logical because a person who prepared a research who is a logical person or objective person.
4 Research endeavors to collect and organize data in quantitative terms:-
  Research endeavors to collect and organize data in quantitative terms. That means a person who prepared a research that person want to try that he can got all correct or true important detail about his topic and he organize data by in quantities terms.
5 Research requires courage and entrepreneurship:-
            Research requires courage and entrepreneurship courage means bravery, boldness, or fortitude means a person who want to make a research the person become courage means Research requires courage and entrepreneurship.
6 Research requires rigorous Standards:-
     Research requires rigorous Standards means a person who make a research on his choice topics, which that person research shall be standards means his all details, data or information should be right or standards. So that we can say that research requires rigorous Standards.
7 Research a procedure of carefully representing and recording documents:-
           Research a procedure of carefully representing and recording documents means a person who makes a research paper so he should his all representing and recording documents.
8 Research aim is extracting and generalizing common Principles:-
  Research aim is extracting and generalizing common Principles means a person who prepared a research his research main aim is that person main aim should be extracting and generalizing common principles means he that person should try to get original or true important details, data or any other kinds of information related to his topics should be generalizing common principles and they should try to follow the principles of a research.
9 Research is meticulously and carefully planned:-
      Meticulously means over careful or scrupulous means a person that they prepared their Research should be true or he must be careful about their research and they should prepared their research carefully planned. So Research is meticulously and carefully planned.
10 Research requires perfect accuracy in collection, recording and analyzing the data:-
           Research requires perfect accuracy in collection, recording and analyzing the data means a person prepare a research before they prepare their research they should get information, or details about should to his topic he get original information should written in their research paper and their collection of information, he should analyzing his topics in details so research requires perfect accuracy in collection, recording and analyzing the data.
 11 Research is free from emotions:-
         Research is free from emotions means a person who tries to prepare their research in their research they should not emotions because he want to try that he collect all related details true and they should not be emotions.  So Research is free from emotions.
 12    Research is an inquiry or investigation:-
             Research is an inquiry or investigation means be good or well. A Researcher should attempt to every detail about their topic and they should try to investigation about their topics original’s details, or data, or information about their topics. So Research is an inquiry or investigation.
13 Research describes the problem:-
        Research describes the problem means a researcher should tries to clarify that problem in society about the related to their topics and they should describes the problem about their topic. So Research describes the problem.
   Conclusion:-
       Thus, research means a careful investigation or inquiry specially their research for new facts in any branch of knowledge. The efforts works making the relation have started bearing fruits.





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